The Uvac Special Nature Reserve was created to conserve and reproduce griffon vultures and other significant species of birds, game and other wildlife. Conditions for the resettlement of species of plants, fish and other animals that have disappeared from the area have been provided. To preserve the diversity of flora, forest and other plant communities. Also, to preserve relief and water features and speleological and other values of geo-heritage. To preserve and improve the natural factors of the environment, primarily the quality of water and soil. To preserve the beauty and diversity of the landscape and create conditions for the sustainable use and planning of the protected area in the interest of science, education, culture, recreation and eco-tourism.
The central morphological unit of the reserve is the canyon valley of the Uvac River with its tributary valleys. The larger right tributaries of Uvac are Vapa, Kladnička reka, Vrševina and Tisovica, while the left tributaries are Čajak, Veljušnica and Zlošnica. The special value of the canyon parts of the valley are the meanders. Three locations of clamped meanders stand out. The first, very impressive zone of these meanders is located upstream of the mouth of Veljušnica in the limestone zone of Lopiz. In this section, individual meanders have a meandering angle of 270 degrees, and the relative height of the meandering cape is up to 100 m. The second and third zones of less pronounced interbedded meanders refer to the area between Uvac (Sjenica) and Zlatar Lake and the area upstream of Radoinj Lake. Uvac’s clamped meanders are in the inventory of geomorphological objects of Serbia’s geo-heritage.